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1.affecting or concerning all or most people, places, or things; widespread.“books of general interest”
synonyms: widespread, common, extensive, universal, wide, popular, public, mainstream;established, conventional, traditional, orthodox, accepted“this is suitable for general use”comprehensive, overall, across the board, blanket, umbrella, mass, wholesale, sweeping, broad-ranging, inclusive, companywide;universal, global, worldwide, nationwide“a general pay increase” antonyms: restricted, localized
not specialized or limited in range of subject, application, activity, etc.“brush up on your general knowledge”
synonyms: miscellaneous, mixed, assorted, diversified, composite, heterogeneous, eclectic“general knowledge” antonyms: specialist
(of a rule, principle, etc.) true for all or most cases.
normal or usual.“it is not general practice to confirm or deny such reports”
synonyms: usual, customary, habitual, traditional, normal, conventional, typical, standard, regular; Morefamiliar, accepted, prevailing, routine, run-of-the-mill, established, everyday, ordinary, common“the general practice” antonyms: exceptional
2.considering or including the main features or elements of something, and disregarding exceptions; overall.“they fired in the general direction of the enemy”
synonyms: broad, imprecise, inexact, rough, loose, approximate, unspecific, vague, woolly, indefinite;informalballpark“a general description” antonyms: detailed
3.chief or principal.“a general manager”
1.a commander of an army, or an army officer of very high rank.
an officer in the US Army, Air Force, or Marine Corps ranking above lieutenant general.
the head of a religious order organized on quasi-military lines, e.g., the Jesuits, the Dominicans, or the Salvation Army.
2.archaicthe general public.
Butler at the 2016 Toronto International Film Festival
|Born||Gerard James Butler
13 November 1969
Paisley, Renfrewshire, Scotland
|Alma mater||University of Glasgow|
|Occupation||Actor, producer, singer, musician|
Gerard James Butler (born 13 November 1969) is a Scottish actor, and producer.
After studying law, Butler turned to acting in the mid-1990s with small roles in productions such as Mrs Brown (1997), the James Bond film Tomorrow Never Dies (1997), and Tale of the Mummy (1998). In 2000, he starred as Dracula in the horror film Dracula 2000 with Christopher Plummer and Jonny Lee Miller.
He subsequently played Attila the Hun in the miniseries Attila (2001) and then appeared in the films Reign of Fire with Christian Bale (2002) and Lara Croft: Tomb Raider – The Cradle of Life with Angelina Jolie (2003), before playing André Marek in the adaptation of Michael Crichton‘s science fiction adventure Timeline (2003). He then was cast as the role of Erik, The Phantom in Joel Schumacher‘s 2004 film adaptation of the musical The Phantom of the Opera alongside Emmy Rossum. That role earned him a Satellite Award nomination for Best Actor.
Although Attila and The Phantom of the Opera were important breaks, it was only in 2007 that Butler gained worldwide recognition for his portrayal of King Leonidas in Zack Snyder‘s fantasy war film 300. That role earned him nominations for an Empire Award for Best Actor and a Saturn Award for Best Actor and a win for MTV Movie Award for Best Fight. In the 2010s, he voiced the role of Stoick the Vast in the animated action-fantasy film How to Train Your Dragon, a role he later reprised in Legend of the Boneknapper Dragon (2010), Gift of the Night Fury (2011), and How to Train Your Dragon 2 (2014). He played military leader Tullus Aufidius in the 2011 film Coriolanus, a modernized adaptation of Shakespeare‘s tragedy of the same name. He also played Sam Childers in the 2011 action biopic Machine Gun Preacher.
Gerard James Butler was born on 13 November 1969 in Paisley, Renfrewshire, the youngest of three children of Margaret and Edward Butler, a bookmaker. He is from a Catholic family of Irish descent. Butler’s family moved to Montreal, Quebec, when he was six months old. When her marriage broke down, his mother left Quebec and returned to Scotland with baby Gerard aged 18 months.
Butler was head boy at St Mirin’s & St Margaret’s High School in Paisley and won a place at University of Glasgow School of Law. He also attended Scottish Youth Theatre while a teenager. Butler did not see his father again until he was 16 years old, when Edward Butler called to meet him at a Glasgow restaurant. After this meeting, Butler cried for hours, and recalled later: “That emotion showed me how much pain can sit in this body of yours; pain and sorrow that you don’t know you have until it is unleashed.” Butler became close to his father after this reunion.
During his time as a student, he was the President of the university law society, a position Butler later said he “kind of blagged my way into”. He also sang in a rock band called Speed. While Butler was a 22-year-old student, his father was diagnosed with cancer and died. He would say of this period in his life: “I had gone from a 16-year-old who couldn’t wait to grasp life to a 22-year-old who didn’t care if he died in his sleep.”
Before his final year of law school, Butler took a year off to live in California. He mostly lived in Venice Beach, working at different jobs, travelling often, and, according to him, drinking heavily, at one point being arrested for alcohol-related disorderly conduct. Butler later described this year as, “I was out of control, and justifying it with this idea that ‘I’m young, this is life. This is me just being boisterous.” After his time off in America, he returned to Scotland to take his final year at law school. Butler had an ear surgery when he was a child that left him with a mangled ear. He still suffers from tinnitus and is hard of hearing in his right ear.
Legal career and early acting career
Upon graduation, he took a position as a trainee lawyer at an Edinburgh law firm. However, he continued to stay out late drinking and he frequently missed work because of this. One week before he qualified as a lawyer, he was fired. At the age of 25, and an unqualified lawyer, Butler moved to London to pursue his dream of becoming famous. He admitted, “When I started out, I’m not sure I was actually in it for the right reasons. I wanted very much to be famous.”
Unable to win any acting roles initially, he worked in a variety of jobs including as a waiter, a telemarketer and a demonstrator of how toys work at fairs. Whilst in London, he met an old friend from his teenage days in the Scottish Youth Theatre, who was now a London casting director. At that time, he was her boyfriend and her assistant. She took him to an audition for Steven Berkoff‘s play of Coriolanus. The director said of Butler’s audition, “When he read, he had such vigour and enthusiasm—so much that it made the other actors seem limp—that I decided to cast him in the ensemble.”
Then aged 27, Butler had his first professional acting job. Less than a year later, he won a part in a theatre adaptation of Trainspotting, which he performed at the Edinburgh Festival. At age 30, Butler decided to move to Los Angeles; there he won parts in Dracula 2000, Tomb Raider 2, Dear Frankie, and Phantom of the Opera.
In London, Butler held a series of odd jobs until being cast by actor and director Steven Berkoff (who later appeared alongside him in Attila (2001)) in a stage production of Coriolanus. He was cast as Ewan McGregor‘s character Renton in the stage adaptation of Trainspotting, the same play that had inspired him to become an actor. His film debut was as Billy Connolly‘s character’s younger brother in Mrs Brown (1997).
His film career continued with small roles, first in the James Bond film Tomorrow Never Dies (1997) and then Russell Mulcahy‘s Tale of the Mummy (1998). In 2000, Butler was cast in two breakthrough roles, the first being Attila the Hun in the American TV miniseries Attila (2001). The film’s producers wanted a known actor to play the part but eventually chose Butler. He was cast as Dracula in Dracula 2000 (2000).
He then appeared in Reign of Fire (2002) as Creedy and Lara Croft: Tomb Raider – The Cradle of Life (2003) as Terry Sheridan, alongside Angelina Jolie. In the role of Andre Marek in the big-screen adaptation of Michael Crichton‘s novel Timeline (2003), Butler played an archaeologist who was sent back in time with a team of students to rescue a colleague. In 2003, director Joel Schumacher was deciding on the principal casting for the film The Phantom of the Opera, a film adaptation of the Andrew Lloyd Webber musical of the same name, and thought of Butler, whom he had seen earlier in the film Dracula 2000, to play the title character. Butler, who had had no musical experience other than singing in a rock band while he was studying to be a lawyer, was surprised at the interest, but immediately began taking singing lessons with a vocal coach. He then did an acting audition with Schumacher, and a singing audition with Lloyd Webber, both of whom were impressed by his performance. The film, and Butler’s performance, received mixed reviews, though Butler was nominated for a Satellite Award for Best Actor.
In 2007, he starred as Spartan King Leonidas in the Warner Bros. production 300, which is often described as his breakthrough role. Butler, who said he “wanted to look really strong” in the film, trained with a high-intensity workout for four months prior to the film’s shooting. In 2007, he also appeared in Butterfly on a Wheel co-starring Pierce Brosnan and Maria Bello, which aired on network TV under the title Shattered, and in the romantic comedy P.S. I Love You with Hilary Swank. In 2008, he appeared in Nim’s Island and RocknRolla. In 2009, he starred in the Mark Neveldine/Brian Taylor film Gamer, The Ugly Truth and Law Abiding Citizen, which he also co-produced. In 2010 he starred in the action/comedy The Bounty Hunter with Jennifer Aniston, and did a voice-over for the 2010 animated film How to Train Your Dragon as Stoick the Vast.
On 15 and 16 October 2010, thanks to the popularity of his role as Spartan King Leonidas and the use of his lines during athletic events at Michigan State University, he was a guest at their Midnight Madness and homecoming American football game.
As of August 2011, Butler, while filming Playing for Keeps, was writing songs and in the process of recording an album. He disavowed gossip reports that Marilyn Manson and Johnny Depp had advised him on the project. On 18 December that year, while filming Chasing Mavericks, Butler was hospitalised after he was pulled under big waves. Subsequently, he was taken to Stanford University Medical Center and later released.
Butler starred in the action thriller Olympus Has Fallen (2013), opposite co-stars Aaron Eckhart and Morgan Freeman. Butler said he broke two bones in his neck while shooting the film, but did not realise this until he had an MRI scan. Butler reprised his voice role as Stoick in How to Train Your Dragon 2 in 2014. Two years later, Butler had the leading role in the Olympus Has Fallen sequel London Has Fallen and also portrayed Set in Gods of Egypt.
Butler has stated in interviews that he does not drink alcohol. In February 2012, it was announced that he had completed a course of treatment for substance abuse of painkillers at a rehabilitation facility. This was after he was concerned he had become too reliant on prescribed pain medication, which escalated when he was involved in a surfing incident while filming Chasing Mavericks.
In 2011 Butler played in a charity match for Celtic F.C., a football club he has supported since childhood. A year later he would represent Celtic in a Hollywood film, starring as a “has been” player in Playing for Keeps. In August 2013, he bought an equity stake in the Jamaica Tallawahs Cricket team, which forms part of the Limacol Caribbean Premier League (CPL).
A sampling of Butler’s work.
- Mrs Brown (1997)
- Tale of the Mummy (1998)
- Fast Food (1999)
- One More Kiss (1999)
- Dracula 2000 (2000)
- Reign of Fire (2002)
- Lara Croft: Tomb Raider – The Cradle of Life (2003)
- Timeline (2003)
- Dear Frankie (2004)
- The Phantom of the Opera (2004)
- The Game of Their Lives (2005)
- Guilty Hearts (2006)
- 300 (2007)
- Shattered (2007)
- P.S. I Love You (2007)
- Nim’s Island (2008)
- RocknRolla (2008)
- The Ugly Truth (2009)
- Gamer (2009)
- Law Abiding Citizen (2009)
- The Bounty Hunter (2010)
- How to Train Your Dragon (2010)
- Machine Gun Preacher (2011)
- Chasing Mavericks (2012)
- Playing for Keeps (2012)
- Olympus Has Fallen (2013)
- How to Train Your Dragon 2 (2014)
- Gods of Egypt (2016)
- London Has Fallen (2016)
- A Family Man (2016)
- Geostorm (2017)
- Den of Thieves (2018)
- Hunter Killer (2018)
- Angel Has Fallen (2019)
Awards and nominations
- “Gerard Butler Biography (1969-)”. FilmReference.com. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 7 August 2016.
- “300 Things We Didn’t Know About Gerard Butler”. Esquire.com. 13 June 2009. Archived from the original on 30 March 2010. Retrieved 9 June 2010.
- Fox, Chloe (20 July 2009). “Gerard Butler interview for The Ugly Truth”. The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 16 November 2010.
- “Gerard Butler in Wrath Of Gods”. 15 March 2010. Retrieved 24 April 2010.
- “Drawn Together: Gerard Butler & Craig Ferguson”. Cineplex Movie Blog. 15 March 2010. Archived from the original on 23 March 2010. Retrieved 24 April 2010.
- “Gerard Butler Apologises for Irish Accent”. YouTube. 26 January 2009. Retrieved 7 May 2012.
- “Gerard Butler: ‘Why I am still single'”. Now Magazine. Archived from the original on 30 March 2015. Retrieved 25 February 2015.
- “Gerard Butler”. mysticbliss.net. Archived from the original on 17 December 2006. Retrieved 24 April 2010.
- Daily News. “Gerard Butler breaks the mold Archived 4 March 2010 at the Wayback Machine.”
- Fox, Chloe (20 July 2009). “Gerard Butler interview for The Ugly Truth”. Daily Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group. Archived from the original on 4 March 2010.
- Stewart, Stephen (28 March 2010). “Gerard Butler’s school pal on how Hollywood star phoned to grovel after branding her a flirt on TV”. Daily Record. Retrieved 1 February 2013.
- Hedegaard, Erik (April 2010). “Gerry the Sinner, Gerry the Saint”. Men’s Journal. Archived from the original on 20 July 2013. Retrieved 1 February 2013.
- “Gerard Butler | Paisley Scotland”. Paisley.org.uk. Retrieved 7 May 2012.
- LadyThrills (14 October 2007). “LadyThrills.com: Gerard Butler”. Ladythrills.blogspot.co.uk. Retrieved 7 May 2012.
- Stars and Stories (20 July 2009). “Gerard Butler interview for The Ugly Truth”. London: Telegraph. Retrieved 7 May 2012.
- “Actor Gerard Butler and His Hearing Loss”. deafhh.com. 11 March 2010. Retrieved 24 May 2018.
- “Gerard Butler Biography”. biography.com. Retrieved 25 February 2015.
- “Mrs Brown”. http://www.bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 25 February 2015.
- “Attila: hot babes, baths and, erm, birth control”. The Guardian. 28 January 2010. Retrieved 25 February 2015.
- “The Graph Of Manliness: Gerard Butle”. empireonline.com. Retrieved 25 February 2015.
- “Reign of Fire”. Digital Spy. Retrieved 25 February 2015.
- “Timeline”. Movie rewind.com. Retrieved 25 February 2015.
- Gerard Butler phantom of the opera Stella Papamichael, 2004
- Gerard Butler – Phantom of the Opera interview, Paul Fischer, femail.com.au, 2004
- Murray, Rebecca. “Gerard Butler Talks About The Phantom and “Beowulf and Grendel””. About.com. Retrieved 25 February 2015.
- Law Abiding Citizen Trailer: Gerard Butler Is Still in Search of an Identity, Mark Graham, New York Magazine Vulture blog, 14 August 2009
- Spartan Workout Secrets from the Star of 300, Men’s Health
- “Lionsgate Picks Up “Butterfly on a Wheel””. About.com. Archived from the original on 5 April 2015. Retrieved 25 February 2015.
- “Gerard Butler Interview – P.S. I LOVE YOU”. collider.com. Retrieved 25 February 2015.
- “Gerard Butler interview for The Ugly Truth”. The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 25 February 2015.
- “Jamie Foxx, Gerard Butler Seek Justice With ‘Law Abiding Citizen'”. mtv. 15 October 2009. Retrieved 25 February 2015.
- “Gerard Butler says his ‘Bounty Hunter’ co-star Jennifer Aniston is like family”. nydailynews.com. Retrieved 25 February 2015.
- “Gerard Butler and Craig Ferguson Talk HOW TO TRAIN YOUR DRAGON 2, the Evolution of the Film, LONDON HAS FALLEN, and More”. collider.com. 14 June 2014. Retrieved 25 February 2015.
- “Gerard Butler at MSU Midnight Madness”. Youtube. Retrieved 25 February 2015.
- “Marilyn Manson advises Gerard Butler on becoming a rock star”. NME. Retrieved 3 September 2012.
- “Gerard Butler on Singing, Fame, and the Secret Service”. Retrieved 25 March 2013.
- Melvin, Joshua (19 December 2011). “Actor Gerard Butler OK after getting held underwater by waves at Mavericks”. The Mercury News. San Jose, California: Bay Area News Group. Retrieved 7 May 2012.
- “Gerard Butler broke neck bones”. 27 March 2013.
- “I miss going to see Celtic play, admits Hollywood hunk Gerard Butler”. Daily Record. Retrieved 4 October 2011.
- “Gerard Butler Purchases Glasgow Apartment For Girlfriend Morgan Brown? ‘Phantom of the Opera’ Star Invests in Castle, Apartments And Homes After Engagement Rumors Spread”. KpopStarz. Retrieved 17 July 2015.
- “Gerard Butler Finally Opens Up About Rehab: “I Haven’t Had a Drink in 15 Years”. Us Magazine. Retrieved 26 June 2015
- “Gerard Butler Completes Stint in Rehab” People. Retrieved 25 February 2012
- “Gerard Butler turned me into a Celtic fan”. Daily Record. Retrieved 26 June 2015
- Reuters Editorial (23 August 2013). “Cricket-Caribbean venues packed again thanks to CPL Twenty20”. Reuters UK. Retrieved 13 April 2016.
- Meadows, Sophie. “Gerard Butler Shows How Mary’s Meals is Changing Lives in Liberia”. goodnewsshared.com. Retrieved 25 February 2015.
- Mary’s Meals (20 December 2013). “Gerard Butler in Liberia with Mary’s Meals”. Retrieved 4 January 2017 – via YouTube.
- “9th Annual Film Awards (2004) – Online Film & Television Association”. http://www.oftaawards.com. Retrieved 2018-07-30.
- “9th Golden Satellite Awards”, Wikipedia, 2018-07-07, retrieved 2018-07-30
- “2007 MTV Movie Awards”, Wikipedia, 2018-07-20, retrieved 2018-07-30
- “13th Empire Awards”, Wikipedia, 2017-12-31, retrieved 2018-07-30
- “34th Saturn Awards”, Wikipedia, 2018-05-11, retrieved 2018-07-30
- “36th People’s Choice Awards”, Wikipedia, 2017-12-16, retrieved 2018-07-30
- “2010 Teen Choice Awards”, Wikipedia, 2018-06-22, retrieved 2018-07-30
- “31st Golden Raspberry Awards”, Wikipedia, 2018-04-02, retrieved 2018-07-30
- “37th Golden Raspberry Awards”, Wikipedia, 2018-07-30, retrieved 2018-07-30
- Gerard Butler on IMDb
- Gerard Butler on Box Office Mojo
- Gerard Butler at the TCM Movie Database
- Gerard Butler at AllMovie